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Networking with Windows Server 2016 Vendor: Microsoft Exam Code: 70-741 Exam Name: Networking with Windows Server 2016 Q&As: 125(There are 2 parts in the dump, 125 questions in total. )QUESTION 1 Your company has 10 offices. Each office has a local network that contains several Hyper- V hosts that run Windows Server 2016. All of the offices are connected by high speed, low latency WAN links. You need to ensure that you can use QoS HPE0-J76 dumps policies for Live Migration traffic between the offices. Which component should you install? A. the Data Center Bridging feature B. the Routing role service C. the Network Controller server role D. the Multipath I/O feature E. the Canary Network Diagnostics feature Correct Answer: D QUESTION 2 A company named Contoso, Ltd has five Hyper-V hosts that are configured as shown in the following table. What are two valid live migration scenarios for virtual machines in your environment? A. from Sever1 to server5 B. from Server4 to Server 5 C. from Server2 to Server3 D. from Server3 to Server4 Correct Answer: AC QUESTION 3 Note: This question is part of a series of questions that use the same scenario. For your convenience, the scenario is repeated in each question. Each question presents a different goal and answer choices, but the text of the scenario is exactly the same in each question in this series. Your network contains an Active Directory domain named contoso.com. The functional level of the domain is Windows Server 2012. The network uses an address space of 192.168.0.0/16 and contains multiple subnets. The network is not connected to the Internet. The domain contains three servers configured as shown in the following table. Client computers obtain TCP/IP settings from Server3. You add a second network adapter to Server2. You connect the new network adapter to the Internet. You install the Routing role service on Server2. Server1 has four DNS zones configured as shown in the following table. You need to ensure that when a record is added dynamically to fabrikam.com, only the computer that created the record can modify the record. The solution must allow administrators to modify all of the records in fabrikam.com. What should you do? A. Change fabrikam.com to an Active Directory-integrated zone. B. Raise the functional level of the domain. C. Modify the security settings of the Fabrikam.com.dns file. D. Modify the Start of Authority (SOA) settings of fabrikam.com Correct Answer: A QUESTION 4 You have a Hyper-V server named Server1 that runs Windows Server 2016. Server1 has an IP address of 192.168.1.78. Server1 IIA-CIA-PART2 dumps has a container named Container1 that hosts a web application on port 84. Container1 has an IP address of 172.16.5.6. Container1 has a port mapping from port 80 on Server1 to port 84 on Container1. You have a server named Server2 that has an IP address of 192.168.1.79, You need to connect to the web application from Server2. To which IP address and port should you connect? A. 172.16.5.6:80 B. 192.168.1.78:80 C. 172.16.5.6:84 D. 192.168.1.78:84 Correct Answer: A QUESTION 5 Note: This question is part of a series of questions that present the same scenario. Each question in the series contains a unique solution that might meet the stated goals. Some question sets might have more than one correct solution, while others might not have a correct solution. After you answer a question in this sections, you will NOT be able to return to it. As a result, these questions will not appear in the review screen. You network contains an Active Directory domain named contoso.com. The domain contains a DHCP server named Server2 than runs Windows Server 2016. Users report that their client computers fail to obtain an IP address. You open the DHCP console as shown in the Exhibit. (Click the Exhibit button.)Scope1 has an address range of 172.16.0.10 to 172.16.0.100 and a prefix length of 23 bits. You need to ensure that all of the client computers on the network can obtain an IP address from Server2. Solution: You run the Set-DhcpServerv4Scope cmdlet. Does this meet the goal? A. Yes B. No Correct Answer: A QUESTION 6 Note: This question is part of a series of questions that present the same scenario. Each question in the series contains a unique solution that might meet the stated goals. Some question sets jn0-643 dumps might have more than one correct solution, while others might not have a correct solution. After you answer a question in this sections, you will NOT be able to return to it. As a result, these questions will not appear in the review screen. You network contains an Active Directory domain named contoso.com. The domain contains a member server named Server1 that runs Windows Server 2016 and has the DNS Server role installed. Automatic scavenging of state records is enabled and the scavenging period is set to 10 days. All client computers dynamically register their names in the contoso.com DNS zone on Server1. You discover that the names of multiple client computers that were removed from the network several weeks ago can still be resolved. You need to configure Server1 to automatically remove the records of the client computers that have been offline for more than 10 days. Solution: You modify the Zone Aging/Scavenging properties of the zone. Does this meet the goal? A. Yes B. No Correct Answer: A QUESTION 7 Note: This question is part of a series of questions that use the same scenario. For your convenience, the scenario is repeated in each question. Each question presents a different goal and answer choices, but the text of the scenario is exactly the same in each question in this series. Your network contains an Active Directory domain named contoso.com. The functional level of the domain is Windows Server 2012. The network uses an address space of 192.168.0.0/16 and contains multiple subnets. The network is not connected to the Internet. The domain contains three servers configured as shown in the following table. Client computers obtain TCP/IP settings from Server3. You add a second network adapter to Server2. You connect the new network adapter to the Internet. You install the Routing role service on Server2. Server1 has four DNS zones configured as shown in the following table. You need to create a zone to ensure that Server1 can resolve single-label names. What should you name the zone on Server1? A. . (root) B. WINS C. NetBIOS D. GlobalNames Correct Answer: D QUESTION 8 You have 2000 devices, One hundred of the devices are mobile devices that have physical addresses beginning with 98-5F. You have a DHCP server named Server1. You need to ensure that the mobile devices register their host name by using a DNS suffix of mobile.contoso.com A. From the properties of Scopte1, Modify the Conflict detection attempts setting. B. From the properties of Scope1, Configure Name Protection. C. From the Properties of IPV4, configure the bindings. D. From IPV4, create a new filter. E. From the properties of Scope1, create an exclusion range. F. From IPv4, run the DHCP Policy Configuration Wizard. G. From Control Panel, modify the properties of Ethernet. H. From Scope1, create a reservation Correct Answer: F QUESTION 9 Your company has 5,000 users who work remotely. You have 40 VPN servers that host the remote connections for the users. You plan to deploy a RADIUS solution that contains five RADIUS servers. You need to ensure that client authentication requests are distributed evenly between the five RADIUS servers. What should you do? A. Install the Network Load Balancing role service on all of the RADIUS server. Configure all of the RADIUS clients to connect to a virtual IP address.B. Deploy RAS Gateway to a new server. Configure all of the RADIUS clients to connect to RAS Gateway. C. Install the Failover Clustering role service on all of the RADIUS servers. Configure all of the RADIUS clients to lx0-103 dumps connect to the IP address of the cluster. D. Deploy a RADIUS proxy to a new server. Configure all of the RADIUS clients to connect to the RADIUS proxy. Correct Answer: D QUESTION 10 You company has a main office in London. The company has 1,000 users who are located in many countries. You plan to deploy a large remote access solution for the company. The London office has three servers named Server1, Server2, and Server3 that run Windows Server 2016. You plan to use Server1 as a VPN server, Server2 as a RADIUS proxy, and Server3 as a RADIUS server. You need to configure Server2 to support the planned deployment. Which three actions should you perform on Server2? Each correct answer presents part of the solution. A. Create a connection request policy. B. Deploy a Windows container. C. Add a RADIUS client. D. Create a network policy. E. Create a remote RADIUS server group. Correct Answer: ACE QUESTION 11 You have an Active Directory domain named Contoso.com. The domain contains servers named Server1 and Server2 that run Windows Server 2016. You install the Remote Access server role on Server1. You install the Network Policy and Access Services server role on Server2. You need to configure Server1 to use Server2 as a RADIUS server. What should you do? A. From the Connection Manager Administration Kit, create a Connection Manager profile. B. From Routing and Remote Access, configure the authentication provider. C. From Active Directory Users and Computers, modify the Delegation settings of the Server1 computer account. D. From Server Manager, create an Access Policy. Correct Answer: D QUESTION 12 Scenario: You are a network administrator for a company named Contoso,Ltd. The network is configured as shown in the exhibit. You install the Remote Access server role on Server2. Server2 has the following configured. *Network address translation (NAT) *The DHCP Server server role The Security Policy of Contoso states that only TCP ports 80 and 443 are allowed from the internet to server2 You identify the following requirements: * Add 28 devices to subnet2 for a temporary project. * Configure Server2 to accept VPN connections from the internet. * Ensure that devices on Subnet2 obtain TCP/IP settings from DHCP on Server2. End of Scenario: You add a computer to subnet1. The computer has an IP address of 10.10.0.129 Web1 receives a request from the new computer m70-101 dumps and sends a response. What should you do? A. 10.10.0.129 B. 10.10.0.224 C. 131.107.0.223 D. 172.16.128.222 Correct Answer: A QUESTION 13 You have a test environment that includes two servers named Server1 and Server2. The severs run Windows Server 2016. You need to ensure that you can implement SMB Direct between the servers. Which feature should the servers support? A. Remote Direct Memory Access (RDMA) B. Multipath I/O (MPIO) C. virtual machine queue (VMQ) D. single root I/O virtualization (SR-IOV) Correct Answer: A QUESTION 14 You have a Scale-Out File Server that has a share named Share1. Share1 contains a virtual disk file named Disk1.vhd. You plan to create a guest failover cluster. You need to ensure that you can use the virtual disk as a shared virtual disk for the gust failover cluster. Which cmdlet should you use?A. Optimize VHD B. Optimize VHDSet C. Convert-VHD D. Set-VHD Correct Answer: A QUESTION 15 You have a server named Server1 that runs Windows Server 2016. Server1 is located on the perimeter network, and only inbound TCP port 443 is allowed to connect Server1 from the Internet. You install the Remote Access server role on Server1. You need to configure Server1 to accept MA0-101 exam VPN connections over port 443. Which VPN protocol should you use? A. PPTP B. SSTP C. L2TP D. IKEv2 Correct Answer: B QUESTION 16 Note: This question is part of a series of questions that present the same scenario. Each question in the series contains a unique solution that might meet the stated goals. Some questions sets might have more than one correct solutions, while others might not have a correct solution. After you answer a question in this section, you will NOT be able to return to it. As a result, these questions will not appear in the review screen. Your network contains an Active Directory forest named contoso.com. The forest has three sites located in London, Paris and Berlin. The London site contains a web server named Web1 that runs Windows Server 2016. You need to configure Web1 as an HTTP content server for the hosted cache servers located in the Paris and Berlin sites. Solution: You install the BranchCache feature, and then you start the BranchCache service. Does this meet the goal? A. Yes B. No Correct Answer: B QUESTION 17 Note: This question is part of a series of questions that present the same scenario. Each question in the series contains a unique solution. Determine whether the solution meets the stated goals. Your network contains an Active Directory domain named contoso.com. The domain contains a DNS server named Server1. All client computers run Windows 10. On Server1, you have the following zone configuration. You have the following subnets defined on Server1. You need to prevent Server1 from resolving queries from DNS clients located on Subnet4. Server1 must resolve queries from all other DNS clients. Solution: From the Security Setting of each zone on Server1, you modify the permissions. Does this meet the goal? A. Yes B. No Correct Answer: B QUESTION 18 Note: This question is part of a series of questions that present the same scenario. Each question in the series contains a unique solution that might meet the stated goals. Some question sets might have more than one correct solution, while others might not have a correct solution. After you answer a question in this sections, you will NOT be able to return to it. As a result, these questions will not appear in the review screen. You network contains an Active Directory domain named contoso.com. The domain contains a member server named Server1 that runs Windows Server 2016 and has the DNS Server role installed. Automatic scavenging of state records is enabled and the scavenging period is set to 10 days. All client computers dynamically register their names in the contoso.com DNS zone on Server1. You discover that the names of multiple client computers that were removed from the network several weeks ago can still be resolved. You need to configure Server1 to automatically remove the records of the client computers that have been offline for more than 10 days. Solution: You set the Expires after value of the zone. Does this meet the goal? A. Yes B. No Correct Answer: B QUESTION 19 Note: This question is part of a series of questions that use the same or similar answer choices. An answer choice may be correct for more than one question in the series. Each question is independent of the other questions in this series. Information and details provided in a question apply only to that question. Your network contains Windows and non-Windows devices. You have a DHCP server named Server1 that has an IPv4 scope named Scope1. You need to prevent a client computer that uses the same name as an existing registration from updating the mb2-707 dumps registration. What should you do? A. From the properties of Scope1, modify the Conflict detection attempts setting. B. From the properties of Scope1, configure Name Protection. C. From the properties of IPv4, configure the bindings. D. From IPv4, create a new filter. E. From the properties of Scope1, create an exclusion range. F. From IPv4 run the DHCP Policy Configuration Wizard. G. From Control Panel, modify the properties of Ethernet. H. From Scope1, create a reservation. Correct Answer: F QUESTION 20 You have a server named Server1 that runs Windows Server 2016.Server1 has two network cards. One network card connects to your internal network and the other network card connects to the Internet. You plan to use Server1 to provide Internet connectivity for client computers on the internal network. You need to configure Server1 as a network address translation (NAT) server. Which server role or role service should you install on Server1 first? A. Network Controller B. Web Application Proxy C. Routing D. DirectAccess and VPN (RAS) Correct Answer: C QUESTION 21 You have an Active Directory forest that contains 30 servers and 6,000 Client computers. You deploy a new DHCP server that runs Windows Server 2016. You need to retrieve the list of the authorized DHCP servers. Which command should you run? A. Get-DHCPServerDatabase B. Netstat -p IP -s -a C. Get-DHCPServerInDc D. Show-ADAuthenticationPolicyExpression -AllowedToAuthenticateTo Correct Answer: C QUESTION 22 Your company owns the public Internet IP address range of 131.107.20.0 to 131.107.20.255. You need to create a subnet that supports four hosts. The solution must minimize the number of addresses available to the subnet. Which subnet should you use? A. 131.107.20.16/28 B. 131.107.20.16/30 C. 131.107.20.0/29 D. 131.107.20.0 with subnet mask 255.255.255.224 Correct Answer: C QUESTION 23 You have an application named App1. App1 is distributed to multiple Hyper-V virtual machines in a multitenant environment. You need to ensure that the traffic is distributed evenly among the virtual machines that host App1. What should you include in the environment? A. Network Controller and Windows Server Network Load Balancing (NLB) nodes B. an RAS Gateway and Windows Server Software Load Balancing (SLB) nodes C. an RAS Gateway and Windows Server Network Load Balancing (NLB) nodes D. Network Controller and Windows Server Software Load Balancing (SLB) nodes Correct Answer: B QUESTION 24 Note: This question is part of a series of questions that use the same or similar answer choices. An answer choice may be correct for more than one question in the series. Each question is independent of the other questions in this series. Information and details provided in a question apply only to that question. You have a DHCP server named Server1 that has three network cards. Each network card is configured to use a static IP address. You need to prevent all client computers that have physical address beginning with 98-5F from leasing an IP address from Server1. What should you do? A. From the properties of Scope1, modify the Conflict detection attempts setting. B. From the properties of Scope1, configure Name Protection. C. From the properties of IPv4, configure the bindings. D. From IPv4, create a new filter. E. From the properties of Scope1, create an exclusion range. F. From IPv4, run the DHCP Policy Configuration Wizard. G. From Control Panel, modify the properties of Ethernet. H. From Scope1, create a reservation. Correct Answer: E QUESTION 25 You have a server named Server1 that runs Windows Server 2016 and is configured as a domain controller. You install the DNS Server server role on Server1. You plan to store a DNS zone in a custom Active Directory partition. You need to create a new Active Directory partition for the zone. What should you use? A. Set-DnsServer B. Active Directory Sites and Services C. Dns.exe D. Dnscmd.exe Correct Answer: D QUESTION 26 Note: This question is part of a series of mb2-708 dumps questions that present the same scenario. Each question in the series contains a unique solution that might meet the stated goals. Some question sets might have more than one correct solution, while others might not have a correct solution. After you answer a question in this sections, you will NOT be able to return to it. As a result, these questions will not appear in the review screen. Your network contains an Active Directory domain named contoso.com You need to create a Nano Server image named Nano1 that will be used as a virtualization host. The windows server 2016 source files are located in drive D. Solution: You run the following cmdlet. New-NanoServerImage dition Datacenter eploymentType Host ackage Microsoft- NanoServer-Compute-Package ediaPath `D:\' argetPath C:\Nano1\Nano1.wim omputerName Nano1 omainName Contoso.com Does this meet the goal? A. Yes B. NO Correct Answer: A QUESTION 27 Note: This question is part of a series of questions that present the same scenario. Each question in the series contains a unique solution that might meet the stated goals. Some question sets might have more than one correct solution, while others might not have a correct solution. After you answer a question in this sections, you will NOT be able to return to it. As a result, these questions will not appear in the review screen. You have a Hyper-V host named Server1 that hosts a virtual machine named VM1. Server1 and VM1 run Windows Server 2016. The settings for VM1 are configured as shown in the exhibit below.You need to ensure that you can use the Copy-VMFile cmdlet on Server1 to copy files from VM1. Solution: You start the Hyper-V Guest Service Interface service on VM1. Does this meet the goal? A. YES B. NO Correct Answer: A QUESTION 28 You have a server named Server1 that runs Windows Server 2016. Server1 has the DHCP Server and the Windows Deployment Service server roles installed. Server1 is located on the same subnet as client computers. You need to ensure that clients can perform a PXE boot from Server1. Which two IPv4 options should you configure in DHCP? Each correct answer presents part of the solution. A. 003 Router B. 066 Boot Server Host Name C. 015 DNS Domain Name D. 006 DNS Servers E. 060 Option 60 Correct Answer: BE QUESTION 29 Note: This question is part of a series of questions that present the same scenario. Each question in the series contains a unique solution. Determine whether the solution meets the stated goals. Refer to exhibit: Server1 has two virtual machines named VM1 and VM that run Windows Server 2016. VM1 connects to Private VM2 has two network adapters. You need to ensure that VM1 connects to the corporate network by using NAT. Solution: You connect VM1 to Internal1. You run the New-NetNatIpAddress and the New- NetNat cmdlets on Server1. You configure VM1 to use VM2 as the default gateway. Does this meet the goal? A. Yes B. No Correct Answer: A QUESTION 30 Note: This question is part of a series of questions that present the same scenario. Each question in the series contains a unique solution that might meet the stated goals. Some question sets might have more than one correct solution, while others might not have a correct solution. After you answer a question in this sections, you will NOT be able to return to it. As a result, these questions will not appear in the review screen. Your network contains an Active Directory domain named contoso.com You need to create a Nano Server image named mb5-705 dumps Nano1 that will be used as a virtualization host. The windows server 2016 source files are located in drive D. Solution: You run the following cmdlet. New-NanoServerImage dition Datacenter eploymentType Host ackage Mictosoft- NanoServer-SCVMM-Package ediaPath `D:\ -TargetPath C:\nano1\Nano1.wim omputerName Nano1 omaintiame Contoso.com Does this meet the goal? A. Yes B. NO Correct Answer: A

Frequently Asked Questions

 

Answers

What is The Organic Wine Company?

The Organic Wine Company was started in 1980 by Veronique Raskin.

Our mission is to share our passion for high quality, organic wine with those who enjoy wine. We source the finest handcrafted organic and biodynamic wines from small family owned vineyards and ship them direct to you at affordable prices.

We work with winemakers from around the world to offer you a wide range of organic and low or no sulfite added wine to complement the organic food on your table.

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What is organic wine?

Organic wine is wine that is made with organically grown grapes. It is as simple as that.

Essentially, organic wine is wine made in the way that our ancestors made it before World War II when pesticides became widely used. Today, modern research on organic growing has made it possible to produce both high yields and high quality without putting toxic substances on to the vines or into the soil and water.

When you drink organic wine, you are drinking wine that is free of pesticide and chemical residues, and you are voting with your dollars to support wine that has been grown in a way that actually enhances the health of the environment.

Did you know?

  • Grapes are one of crops that receive the heaviest application of pesticides – millions of tons are sprayed on grape vines each year.
  • Wine grapes receive even higher levels of pesticides than table grapes
  • Many organic wines are grown using something called integrated pest management, which is planting companion plants that attract beneficial insects to naturally reduce the populations of insects that will damage grapes.
  • Drinking organic wine reduces your exposure to harmful chemicals, reduces the impact of pesticide use on the people who grow the grapes (workers face much more exposure to harmful chemicals) reduces the threat to groundwater contamination and helps to promote biodiversity.

With all that going for it, wouldn’t you choose organic wine?

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Conventional vs organic viticulture, why do we care?

Wines grown in the conventional manner use a mixture of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. The health and environmental impacts from the application of pesticides are both pernicious and wide ranging.

Did you know?

  • Industrial agriculture uses 70% of the planet’s fresh water. According to EPA, U.S. agriculture contributes to nearly 75% of all water-quality problems in the nation’s rivers and streams.
  • Our food supply is more susceptible to shocks than ever before because we have disassembled our grain reserves, let bankers into the business of betting on commodity crops and put small-scale farmers around the world out of business.
  • The current food system is responsible for 1/3 of global greenhouse gas emissions; it is also fully dependent on oil both for transport and because pesticides and fertilizers are petrochemically-derived.
  • Industrial agriculture is the largest single threat to biodiversity, and 7 in 10 biologists believe that today’s biodiversity collapse poses an even greater threat to humanity than climate change. Bees, bats, amphibians and other beneficial species are dying off, and their declines are linked to pesticide exposure.
  • While farmworkers and their families, rural communities and children are on the “frontlines” of industrial agriculture, we all carry pesticides in our bodies. Pesticide exposure undermines public health by increasing risks of cancer, autoimmune disease (e.g. diabetes, lupus, rhuematoid arthritis, asthma), non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, Parkinson’s disease and more.

The above information was obtained from the Pesticide Action Network

At The Organic Wine Company, we believe that restoring the health and vitality of our ecosystems is essential to our survival as a species. We can’t single-handedly save every ecosystem, but we can do our part to support the ancient and honorable practice of winemaking through supporting small, family run vineyards, who are committed to organic growing; and who make delicious wines free of the toxic residues found in wine made from sprayed grapes.

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Is drinking wine made with conventional grapes safe?

This is actually a trick question. The focus on the individual is misdirected. The real question is one of the effects of pesticides on the entire ecosystem. Farm workers who apply pesticides are often not properly protected from harm and end up suffering from respiratory and neurological illnesses as Dr. Andrew Weil points out in answering the question of “Should you drink organic wine?”: “In May 2012, the French government officially recognized a link between pesticides and Parkinson’s disease in agricultural workers.”

The evidence of the harm that pesticides cause to land, water, crops, birds, bees, amphibians and mammals is voluminous and growing with each passing year (see our response to the question “Conventional vs organic viticulture, why do we care?” (Link) Fortunately, more and more people are waking up and questioning the “conventional” wisdom of applying massive amounts of poison to our fruits and vegetables and recognizing the damaging and far reaching effects that this has on people, animals and plants.

Did you know?

Conventionally grown grapes are one of The Environmental Working Group’s “Dirty Dozen” – produce that has the highest content of pesticide residues? Unfortunately, wine grapes receive more pesticides than table grapes. According to the USDA Pesticide Data Program there are up to 34 different kinds of pesticide residues found on conventionally grown grapes. Of these:

  • 4 are known or probable carcinogens
  • 17 are suspected hormone disrupters
  • 10 are neurotoxins
  • 6 are developmental or reproductive toxins
  • 14 are implicated in the deaths of honeybees

If you are concerned about the health, societal or environmental effects of industrial agriculture, then we encourage you to learn more about organic agriculture and viticulture and to vote with your dollars by buying organic foods and wines.

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Don’t we need pesticides to ensure healthy grapes?

Well the pesticide manufacturers would certainly like you to believe that! Actually, this is one of eight myths that are deconstructed by the Pesticide Action Network.

Pesticide use in the USA has grown by a factor of ten since World War II – during the same period crop losses doubled. That’s not exactly the kind of track record that inspires confidence in conventional agriculture’s ability to feed a growing population.

It is possible to grow healthier grapes with per acre yields on par or even surpassing that of chemical intensive viticulture methods using organic methods.

Did you know?

Pesticide use is linked to:

  • Contaminated groundwater
  • Honeybee die offs (a huge problem for agriculture)
  • Loss of biodiversity
  • Greenhouse gas emissions

And perhaps the worst of all is “the circle of poison”, where a country such as the USA, bans the use of pesticides that are proven to have harmful effects within its borders; but allows their manufacture and export to countries where those chemicals are not banned. Then the fruits or vegetables grown with those pesticides are imported back into the USA where unsuspecting consumers buy them – it’s craziness!

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Where can I learn more about the effects of industrial agriculture and food safety?

There are numerous websites and organizations that are dedicated to educating the public about both the dangers and the alternatives to industrial agriculture. There are three we think everyone should know about:

Did you know?

Sustainable farming methods help to reduce global climate change by

  • Reducing greenhouse emissions
  • Promoting biodiversity
  • Creating carbon sinks

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Should I be concerned about sulfites?

According to the FDA, sulfites are not teratogenic, mutagenic or carcinogenic – which means that they do not cause cancer or birth defects. Unless you are allergic to sulfites, you need not worry about the health effects of sulfites. The FDA estimates that 1 person out of 100 shows sensitivity to sulfites. So the chances are good that you are not among this select group. If you are, we do offer a great selection of low or no sulfite added wines.

There is a great deal of confusion about sulfites and we won’t attempt to cover every aspect of them here, but here a few points are worth knowing:

Sulfites come from sulfur – a naturally occurring substance. When sulfur mixes with oxygen, it becomes sulfite (S02). Sulfur is a great cleansing and antibacterial agent that has been added to wines for centuries. It helps to stop oxidation and bacteria growth that will ruin a wine. Modern winemaking techniques have made it possible to minimize bacteria growth, but we have yet find a better way to prevent oxidation, especially in white wines, than adding sulfites.

Did you know?

  • Sulfites exist in our bodies naturally – they are not a cause for alarm.
  • The fermentation process of making wine creates sulfites.
  • Wine makers add sulfites to keep the wine stable.
  • Sulfites are not toxic, carcinogenic, or dangerous in the small quantities such as those found in wine.
  • Only about 1% of the total population is allergic to sulfites.

If you do have concerns about sulfites, we carry a great selection of low and no sulfite added wines.

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Will drinking wine containing sulfites give me a headache?

Professor Andrew Waterhouse is the Chair of the Department of Enology and Viticulture at UC Davis, and is widely respected authority on wine and sulfites. The following is excerpted from his website:

  • There is no medical research data showing that sulfites cause headaches! There is something in red wine that causes headaches, but the cause has not yet been discovered. To avoid these common headaches, try drinking less wine, and drink with food. It is certainly possible that sulfites cause headaches, but there is no data available.
  • All wines contain sulfites. Yeast naturally produce sulfites during fermentation so there is only a rare wine which contains none.
  • The medical literature has virtually no reports on sulfites inducing headache. There are many studies of sulfites and asthmatic responses, and a few of these address sulfites in wine. A few studies from Australia shows that even with extremely sensitive people, there is only an asthmatic response in a small number of sensitive subjects (4 out of 24) for a single drink (150 ml) at extremely high sulfite levels-300 mg/liter or 45 mg. No effects were seen at lower levels, such as 150 mg/liter, or with several increasing doses up to 750 mg/liter!
  • The US requires a “sulfite” warning label and Australia requires a label indicating “preservative 220,” but nearly all winemakers add sulfites, including those in France, Italy, Spain, Australia, Chile, etc. So, the wine you drink in foreign countries contains sulfites, but you just are not being warned about it when purchased abroad. Survey studies show that European wines contain an average of 80 mg/L sulfites just as in the US.
  • There are a few (very few) winemakers who make wines without adding sulfites. In the US, organic wine must be made without added sulfites. These are unusual because the wine is very perishable and often have unusual aromas from the aldehydes that are normally bound and rendered aroma-less by the sulftes. Look for these wines at natural food stores. (Our selection of NSA wines does not suffer from these unusual aromas.) Link

Did you know?

  • Dried apricots, grape juice, bottled lemon juice and molasses are all high in sulfites.
  • The sulfite levels in wine average 80 mg/liter, or about 10 mg in a typical glass of wine.
  • Two ounces of dried apricots contain roughly ten times the amount of sulfites in a glass of wine
  • White wines typically have slightly higher amounts of sulfites than red wine.
  • White wines without sulfites generally have a shelf life of around six months.
  • Sulfite-free red wines have a longer shelf life of about 18 months – the tannins act as a preservative.

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What are vegan wines?

If you are a vegan, you want to be drinking wines that are made with certified organic grapes and processed without the use of any animal derived products such as egg whites. We have a great selection of vegan wines that meets those standards.

Did you know?

  • Most wines are “fined” which means that proteins and yeast are filtered out of the wine.
  • Many commonly used fining agents are animal derived products such as egg whites and gelatins.
  • Fining agents are placed on top of the vat and they gather particles as they sink carrying them out of the suspension.
  • Vegan wines that are fined most often use bentonite clay as the fining agent. Some use a ceramic process and others special paper filters.
  • No fining agents remain in the wine after the fining process.
  • Not all wines are fined.

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How does the shelf life of organic wine compare to conventional wine?

Very favorably! We recently did a vertical tasting here and our organic wines from the 1980s had aged well and were absolutely delicious. Of course, as with all wine, proper storage is required to preserve the life of the wine.

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What about the taste?

Well the old saying is that “There is no accounting for taste.” We will boldly assert that organic wines taste at least as good, if not better, than wines made with conventionally grown grapes. Granted, there are many delicious wines made with conventional grapes, but we prefer to drink the best tasting organic wines we can find.

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I know “organic” in the grocery store usually means higher prices, is that true of organic wines also?

Interestingly no. Organic wines can be found at many different price points that are very competitive with wines of the same quality that are grown using conventional grapes.

It is possible to enjoy wonderful organically grown wines without spending a fortune in the process. We offer a wide selection of great wines for under $15.00.

Did you know?

  • We carry over 70 wines that are under $20.00.
  • When you buy organic wine, you are voting with your dollars for a healthier future for everyone.

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I am on a raw diet, is it okay to drink wine?

Absolutely. The fermentation process does not “cook” the wine. Many raw food enthusiasts prefer red wine to white wine. Red wine is less acidic and easier on your system. And of course, if you are an a raw diet you will want to be sure that any wine that you drink is organic.

Did you know?

  • Many popularizers of raw food say organic wine (in moderation) does not violate the raw diet principles.
  • Pure Food and Wine, an upscale raw restaurant in New York City features numerous organic wines on their list.
  • Beer and distilled spirits are not raw – their production process heats them above 118ºF.

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What should I look for when buying an organic wine?

Certification process and certifying agencies

There are two main things to look for. The first is to scan for the words “Made with organically grown grapes.” The second is to look for the seal of a certifying agency.

“Made with organically grown grapes” is likely to be written in different ways. We have wines that are labeled:

  • Made from grapes grown without chemical pesticides or fertilizers. Only natural plant and mineral substances are used to nourish and protect the vines.
  • Our guarantee: Our vineyards receive no pesticides, herbicides or chemical fertilizers, allowing for the full expression of the natural character of our grapes.
  • Wine made with organically grown grapes.
  • This wine is made from vineyards farmed without chemical treatments or fertilizers.

You will see other variations on this theme depending upon the vineyard.

As for the second, there are several different organic certifying agencies. Among the largest and best known are the USDA and ECOCERT. ECOCERT was founded in France, and has grown to be one of the largest organic certifying agencies in the world; conducting inspections in over 80 countries.

Did you know?

  • ECOCERT is responsible for inspecting about 70% of organic goods produced in France.
  • ECOCERT inspects about 30% of the organic good produced worldwide.
  • Other reliable organic inspectors include: CCOF, The Global Organic Alliance and Oregon Tilth.
  • French wines will often sport a logo of AB “Agriculture Biologique” this is another certifying agency.

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Are wines labeled “eco-friendly”, “green”, “sustainably farmed” or “natural” the same as organic?

Sadly, no. Due to the costs involved in certifying a vineyard (or farm) as organic, several other labels are springing up and creating confusion. Where organic laws exist, producers cannot legally use the term organic unless they have been certified as organic. To work around that requirement, alternative labels are showing up in the marketplace.

At this time the terms “eco-friendly”, “green”, “natural” or “sustainably farmed” have little to no legal standards backing them up. The wine may be free of pesticides and fertilizers, but since no certifying organization exists to test the wine or certify the vineyard, there is no way of knowing if the wine you are drinking is what it claims to be.

If you want to ensure that the wine you are drinking is organic, it must say “organic” on the label and have some kind of certifying agency’s seal to prove it meets the legal standards in place.

Did you know?

  • To qualify as organic, a vineyard must follow strict protocols including record-keeping, inspections, paying a fee and ensuring that suppliers are likewise working on an organic basis.
  • Organic certifying agencies often require short notice inspections and soil samples.
  • To become a certified organic grower, the soil must be free of pesticide use for at least three years.

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Where do your wines come from?

Both the Old World and the New. We carry wines from Austria, France, Italy, Spain and Portugal, as well as Argentina, Chile, New Zealand and the USA.

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What does “terroir” mean?

Terroir is a French word that roughly translates as: a sense of place.

Wikipedia defines Terroir as referring to “the set of special characteristics that the geography, geology and climate of a certain place, interacting with the plant’s genetics, express in agricultural products such as wine, coffee, chocolate, tomatoes, heritage wheat, and tea.”

The concept of terroir is at the base of the French wine Appellation d’origine contrôlée (AOC) system that has been the model for appellation and wine laws across the globe.

Did you know?

  • The concept of terroir dates back to the ancient Greeks who observed that the same grapes would produce different tasting wines when grown in different regions.
  • For most of its history, Burgundy was cultivated by Benedictine and Cistercian monks who greatly refined the concept of terroir.
  • Terroir is expressed in the taste of the wine and can be influenced by factors such as pruning, irrigation and harvesting times.

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