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Home » The Ultimate Guide To Decanting Wine
Networking with Windows Server 2016 Vendor: Microsoft Exam Code: 70-741 Exam Name: Networking with Windows Server 2016 Q&As: 125(There are 2 parts in the dump, 125 questions in total. )QUESTION 1 Your company has 10 offices. Each office has a local network that contains several Hyper- V hosts that run Windows Server 2016. All of the offices are connected by high speed, low latency WAN links. You need to ensure that you can use QoS HPE0-J76 dumps policies for Live Migration traffic between the offices. Which component should you install? A. the Data Center Bridging feature B. the Routing role service C. the Network Controller server role D. the Multipath I/O feature E. the Canary Network Diagnostics feature Correct Answer: D QUESTION 2 A company named Contoso, Ltd has five Hyper-V hosts that are configured as shown in the following table. What are two valid live migration scenarios for virtual machines in your environment? A. from Sever1 to server5 B. from Server4 to Server 5 C. from Server2 to Server3 D. from Server3 to Server4 Correct Answer: AC QUESTION 3 Note: This question is part of a series of questions that use the same scenario. For your convenience, the scenario is repeated in each question. Each question presents a different goal and answer choices, but the text of the scenario is exactly the same in each question in this series. Your network contains an Active Directory domain named contoso.com. The functional level of the domain is Windows Server 2012. The network uses an address space of 192.168.0.0/16 and contains multiple subnets. The network is not connected to the Internet. The domain contains three servers configured as shown in the following table. Client computers obtain TCP/IP settings from Server3. You add a second network adapter to Server2. You connect the new network adapter to the Internet. You install the Routing role service on Server2. Server1 has four DNS zones configured as shown in the following table. You need to ensure that when a record is added dynamically to fabrikam.com, only the computer that created the record can modify the record. The solution must allow administrators to modify all of the records in fabrikam.com. What should you do? A. Change fabrikam.com to an Active Directory-integrated zone. B. Raise the functional level of the domain. C. Modify the security settings of the Fabrikam.com.dns file. D. Modify the Start of Authority (SOA) settings of fabrikam.com Correct Answer: A QUESTION 4 You have a Hyper-V server named Server1 that runs Windows Server 2016. Server1 has an IP address of 192.168.1.78. Server1 IIA-CIA-PART2 dumps has a container named Container1 that hosts a web application on port 84. Container1 has an IP address of 172.16.5.6. Container1 has a port mapping from port 80 on Server1 to port 84 on Container1. You have a server named Server2 that has an IP address of 192.168.1.79, You need to connect to the web application from Server2. To which IP address and port should you connect? A. 172.16.5.6:80 B. 192.168.1.78:80 C. 172.16.5.6:84 D. 192.168.1.78:84 Correct Answer: A QUESTION 5 Note: This question is part of a series of questions that present the same scenario. Each question in the series contains a unique solution that might meet the stated goals. Some question sets might have more than one correct solution, while others might not have a correct solution. After you answer a question in this sections, you will NOT be able to return to it. As a result, these questions will not appear in the review screen. You network contains an Active Directory domain named contoso.com. The domain contains a DHCP server named Server2 than runs Windows Server 2016. Users report that their client computers fail to obtain an IP address. You open the DHCP console as shown in the Exhibit. (Click the Exhibit button.)Scope1 has an address range of 172.16.0.10 to 172.16.0.100 and a prefix length of 23 bits. You need to ensure that all of the client computers on the network can obtain an IP address from Server2. Solution: You run the Set-DhcpServerv4Scope cmdlet. Does this meet the goal? A. Yes B. No Correct Answer: A QUESTION 6 Note: This question is part of a series of questions that present the same scenario. Each question in the series contains a unique solution that might meet the stated goals. Some question sets jn0-643 dumps might have more than one correct solution, while others might not have a correct solution. After you answer a question in this sections, you will NOT be able to return to it. As a result, these questions will not appear in the review screen. You network contains an Active Directory domain named contoso.com. The domain contains a member server named Server1 that runs Windows Server 2016 and has the DNS Server role installed. Automatic scavenging of state records is enabled and the scavenging period is set to 10 days. All client computers dynamically register their names in the contoso.com DNS zone on Server1. You discover that the names of multiple client computers that were removed from the network several weeks ago can still be resolved. You need to configure Server1 to automatically remove the records of the client computers that have been offline for more than 10 days. Solution: You modify the Zone Aging/Scavenging properties of the zone. Does this meet the goal? A. Yes B. No Correct Answer: A QUESTION 7 Note: This question is part of a series of questions that use the same scenario. For your convenience, the scenario is repeated in each question. Each question presents a different goal and answer choices, but the text of the scenario is exactly the same in each question in this series. Your network contains an Active Directory domain named contoso.com. The functional level of the domain is Windows Server 2012. The network uses an address space of 192.168.0.0/16 and contains multiple subnets. The network is not connected to the Internet. The domain contains three servers configured as shown in the following table. Client computers obtain TCP/IP settings from Server3. You add a second network adapter to Server2. You connect the new network adapter to the Internet. You install the Routing role service on Server2. Server1 has four DNS zones configured as shown in the following table. You need to create a zone to ensure that Server1 can resolve single-label names. What should you name the zone on Server1? A. . (root) B. WINS C. NetBIOS D. GlobalNames Correct Answer: D QUESTION 8 You have 2000 devices, One hundred of the devices are mobile devices that have physical addresses beginning with 98-5F. You have a DHCP server named Server1. You need to ensure that the mobile devices register their host name by using a DNS suffix of mobile.contoso.com A. From the properties of Scopte1, Modify the Conflict detection attempts setting. B. From the properties of Scope1, Configure Name Protection. C. From the Properties of IPV4, configure the bindings. D. From IPV4, create a new filter. E. From the properties of Scope1, create an exclusion range. F. From IPv4, run the DHCP Policy Configuration Wizard. G. From Control Panel, modify the properties of Ethernet. H. From Scope1, create a reservation Correct Answer: F QUESTION 9 Your company has 5,000 users who work remotely. You have 40 VPN servers that host the remote connections for the users. You plan to deploy a RADIUS solution that contains five RADIUS servers. You need to ensure that client authentication requests are distributed evenly between the five RADIUS servers. What should you do? A. Install the Network Load Balancing role service on all of the RADIUS server. Configure all of the RADIUS clients to connect to a virtual IP address.B. Deploy RAS Gateway to a new server. Configure all of the RADIUS clients to connect to RAS Gateway. C. Install the Failover Clustering role service on all of the RADIUS servers. Configure all of the RADIUS clients to lx0-103 dumps connect to the IP address of the cluster. D. Deploy a RADIUS proxy to a new server. Configure all of the RADIUS clients to connect to the RADIUS proxy. Correct Answer: D QUESTION 10 You company has a main office in London. The company has 1,000 users who are located in many countries. You plan to deploy a large remote access solution for the company. The London office has three servers named Server1, Server2, and Server3 that run Windows Server 2016. You plan to use Server1 as a VPN server, Server2 as a RADIUS proxy, and Server3 as a RADIUS server. You need to configure Server2 to support the planned deployment. Which three actions should you perform on Server2? Each correct answer presents part of the solution. A. Create a connection request policy. B. Deploy a Windows container. C. Add a RADIUS client. D. Create a network policy. E. Create a remote RADIUS server group. Correct Answer: ACE QUESTION 11 You have an Active Directory domain named Contoso.com. The domain contains servers named Server1 and Server2 that run Windows Server 2016. You install the Remote Access server role on Server1. You install the Network Policy and Access Services server role on Server2. You need to configure Server1 to use Server2 as a RADIUS server. What should you do? A. From the Connection Manager Administration Kit, create a Connection Manager profile. B. From Routing and Remote Access, configure the authentication provider. C. From Active Directory Users and Computers, modify the Delegation settings of the Server1 computer account. D. From Server Manager, create an Access Policy. Correct Answer: D QUESTION 12 Scenario: You are a network administrator for a company named Contoso,Ltd. The network is configured as shown in the exhibit. You install the Remote Access server role on Server2. Server2 has the following configured. *Network address translation (NAT) *The DHCP Server server role The Security Policy of Contoso states that only TCP ports 80 and 443 are allowed from the internet to server2 You identify the following requirements: * Add 28 devices to subnet2 for a temporary project. * Configure Server2 to accept VPN connections from the internet. * Ensure that devices on Subnet2 obtain TCP/IP settings from DHCP on Server2. End of Scenario: You add a computer to subnet1. The computer has an IP address of 10.10.0.129 Web1 receives a request from the new computer m70-101 dumps and sends a response. What should you do? A. 10.10.0.129 B. 10.10.0.224 C. 131.107.0.223 D. 172.16.128.222 Correct Answer: A QUESTION 13 You have a test environment that includes two servers named Server1 and Server2. The severs run Windows Server 2016. You need to ensure that you can implement SMB Direct between the servers. Which feature should the servers support? A. Remote Direct Memory Access (RDMA) B. Multipath I/O (MPIO) C. virtual machine queue (VMQ) D. single root I/O virtualization (SR-IOV) Correct Answer: A QUESTION 14 You have a Scale-Out File Server that has a share named Share1. Share1 contains a virtual disk file named Disk1.vhd. You plan to create a guest failover cluster. You need to ensure that you can use the virtual disk as a shared virtual disk for the gust failover cluster. Which cmdlet should you use?A. Optimize VHD B. Optimize VHDSet C. Convert-VHD D. Set-VHD Correct Answer: A QUESTION 15 You have a server named Server1 that runs Windows Server 2016. Server1 is located on the perimeter network, and only inbound TCP port 443 is allowed to connect Server1 from the Internet. You install the Remote Access server role on Server1. You need to configure Server1 to accept MA0-101 exam VPN connections over port 443. Which VPN protocol should you use? A. PPTP B. SSTP C. L2TP D. IKEv2 Correct Answer: B QUESTION 16 Note: This question is part of a series of questions that present the same scenario. Each question in the series contains a unique solution that might meet the stated goals. Some questions sets might have more than one correct solutions, while others might not have a correct solution. After you answer a question in this section, you will NOT be able to return to it. As a result, these questions will not appear in the review screen. Your network contains an Active Directory forest named contoso.com. The forest has three sites located in London, Paris and Berlin. The London site contains a web server named Web1 that runs Windows Server 2016. You need to configure Web1 as an HTTP content server for the hosted cache servers located in the Paris and Berlin sites. Solution: You install the BranchCache feature, and then you start the BranchCache service. Does this meet the goal? A. Yes B. No Correct Answer: B QUESTION 17 Note: This question is part of a series of questions that present the same scenario. Each question in the series contains a unique solution. Determine whether the solution meets the stated goals. Your network contains an Active Directory domain named contoso.com. The domain contains a DNS server named Server1. All client computers run Windows 10. On Server1, you have the following zone configuration. You have the following subnets defined on Server1. You need to prevent Server1 from resolving queries from DNS clients located on Subnet4. Server1 must resolve queries from all other DNS clients. Solution: From the Security Setting of each zone on Server1, you modify the permissions. Does this meet the goal? A. Yes B. No Correct Answer: B QUESTION 18 Note: This question is part of a series of questions that present the same scenario. Each question in the series contains a unique solution that might meet the stated goals. Some question sets might have more than one correct solution, while others might not have a correct solution. After you answer a question in this sections, you will NOT be able to return to it. As a result, these questions will not appear in the review screen. You network contains an Active Directory domain named contoso.com. The domain contains a member server named Server1 that runs Windows Server 2016 and has the DNS Server role installed. Automatic scavenging of state records is enabled and the scavenging period is set to 10 days. All client computers dynamically register their names in the contoso.com DNS zone on Server1. You discover that the names of multiple client computers that were removed from the network several weeks ago can still be resolved. You need to configure Server1 to automatically remove the records of the client computers that have been offline for more than 10 days. Solution: You set the Expires after value of the zone. Does this meet the goal? A. Yes B. No Correct Answer: B QUESTION 19 Note: This question is part of a series of questions that use the same or similar answer choices. An answer choice may be correct for more than one question in the series. Each question is independent of the other questions in this series. Information and details provided in a question apply only to that question. Your network contains Windows and non-Windows devices. You have a DHCP server named Server1 that has an IPv4 scope named Scope1. You need to prevent a client computer that uses the same name as an existing registration from updating the mb2-707 dumps registration. What should you do? A. From the properties of Scope1, modify the Conflict detection attempts setting. B. From the properties of Scope1, configure Name Protection. C. From the properties of IPv4, configure the bindings. D. From IPv4, create a new filter. E. From the properties of Scope1, create an exclusion range. F. From IPv4 run the DHCP Policy Configuration Wizard. G. From Control Panel, modify the properties of Ethernet. H. From Scope1, create a reservation. Correct Answer: F QUESTION 20 You have a server named Server1 that runs Windows Server 2016.Server1 has two network cards. One network card connects to your internal network and the other network card connects to the Internet. You plan to use Server1 to provide Internet connectivity for client computers on the internal network. You need to configure Server1 as a network address translation (NAT) server. Which server role or role service should you install on Server1 first? A. Network Controller B. Web Application Proxy C. Routing D. DirectAccess and VPN (RAS) Correct Answer: C QUESTION 21 You have an Active Directory forest that contains 30 servers and 6,000 Client computers. You deploy a new DHCP server that runs Windows Server 2016. You need to retrieve the list of the authorized DHCP servers. Which command should you run? A. Get-DHCPServerDatabase B. Netstat -p IP -s -a C. Get-DHCPServerInDc D. Show-ADAuthenticationPolicyExpression -AllowedToAuthenticateTo Correct Answer: C QUESTION 22 Your company owns the public Internet IP address range of 131.107.20.0 to 131.107.20.255. You need to create a subnet that supports four hosts. The solution must minimize the number of addresses available to the subnet. Which subnet should you use? A. 131.107.20.16/28 B. 131.107.20.16/30 C. 131.107.20.0/29 D. 131.107.20.0 with subnet mask 255.255.255.224 Correct Answer: C QUESTION 23 You have an application named App1. App1 is distributed to multiple Hyper-V virtual machines in a multitenant environment. You need to ensure that the traffic is distributed evenly among the virtual machines that host App1. What should you include in the environment? A. Network Controller and Windows Server Network Load Balancing (NLB) nodes B. an RAS Gateway and Windows Server Software Load Balancing (SLB) nodes C. an RAS Gateway and Windows Server Network Load Balancing (NLB) nodes D. Network Controller and Windows Server Software Load Balancing (SLB) nodes Correct Answer: B QUESTION 24 Note: This question is part of a series of questions that use the same or similar answer choices. An answer choice may be correct for more than one question in the series. Each question is independent of the other questions in this series. Information and details provided in a question apply only to that question. You have a DHCP server named Server1 that has three network cards. Each network card is configured to use a static IP address. You need to prevent all client computers that have physical address beginning with 98-5F from leasing an IP address from Server1. What should you do? A. From the properties of Scope1, modify the Conflict detection attempts setting. B. From the properties of Scope1, configure Name Protection. C. From the properties of IPv4, configure the bindings. D. From IPv4, create a new filter. E. From the properties of Scope1, create an exclusion range. F. From IPv4, run the DHCP Policy Configuration Wizard. G. From Control Panel, modify the properties of Ethernet. H. From Scope1, create a reservation. Correct Answer: E QUESTION 25 You have a server named Server1 that runs Windows Server 2016 and is configured as a domain controller. You install the DNS Server server role on Server1. You plan to store a DNS zone in a custom Active Directory partition. You need to create a new Active Directory partition for the zone. What should you use? A. Set-DnsServer B. Active Directory Sites and Services C. Dns.exe D. Dnscmd.exe Correct Answer: D QUESTION 26 Note: This question is part of a series of mb2-708 dumps questions that present the same scenario. Each question in the series contains a unique solution that might meet the stated goals. Some question sets might have more than one correct solution, while others might not have a correct solution. After you answer a question in this sections, you will NOT be able to return to it. As a result, these questions will not appear in the review screen. Your network contains an Active Directory domain named contoso.com You need to create a Nano Server image named Nano1 that will be used as a virtualization host. The windows server 2016 source files are located in drive D. Solution: You run the following cmdlet. New-NanoServerImage dition Datacenter eploymentType Host ackage Microsoft- NanoServer-Compute-Package ediaPath `D:\' argetPath C:\Nano1\Nano1.wim omputerName Nano1 omainName Contoso.com Does this meet the goal? A. Yes B. NO Correct Answer: A QUESTION 27 Note: This question is part of a series of questions that present the same scenario. Each question in the series contains a unique solution that might meet the stated goals. Some question sets might have more than one correct solution, while others might not have a correct solution. After you answer a question in this sections, you will NOT be able to return to it. As a result, these questions will not appear in the review screen. You have a Hyper-V host named Server1 that hosts a virtual machine named VM1. Server1 and VM1 run Windows Server 2016. The settings for VM1 are configured as shown in the exhibit below.You need to ensure that you can use the Copy-VMFile cmdlet on Server1 to copy files from VM1. Solution: You start the Hyper-V Guest Service Interface service on VM1. Does this meet the goal? A. YES B. NO Correct Answer: A QUESTION 28 You have a server named Server1 that runs Windows Server 2016. Server1 has the DHCP Server and the Windows Deployment Service server roles installed. Server1 is located on the same subnet as client computers. You need to ensure that clients can perform a PXE boot from Server1. Which two IPv4 options should you configure in DHCP? Each correct answer presents part of the solution. A. 003 Router B. 066 Boot Server Host Name C. 015 DNS Domain Name D. 006 DNS Servers E. 060 Option 60 Correct Answer: BE QUESTION 29 Note: This question is part of a series of questions that present the same scenario. Each question in the series contains a unique solution. Determine whether the solution meets the stated goals. Refer to exhibit: Server1 has two virtual machines named VM1 and VM that run Windows Server 2016. VM1 connects to Private VM2 has two network adapters. You need to ensure that VM1 connects to the corporate network by using NAT. Solution: You connect VM1 to Internal1. You run the New-NetNatIpAddress and the New- NetNat cmdlets on Server1. You configure VM1 to use VM2 as the default gateway. Does this meet the goal? A. Yes B. No Correct Answer: A QUESTION 30 Note: This question is part of a series of questions that present the same scenario. Each question in the series contains a unique solution that might meet the stated goals. Some question sets might have more than one correct solution, while others might not have a correct solution. After you answer a question in this sections, you will NOT be able to return to it. As a result, these questions will not appear in the review screen. Your network contains an Active Directory domain named contoso.com You need to create a Nano Server image named mb5-705 dumps Nano1 that will be used as a virtualization host. The windows server 2016 source files are located in drive D. Solution: You run the following cmdlet. New-NanoServerImage dition Datacenter eploymentType Host ackage Mictosoft- NanoServer-SCVMM-Package ediaPath `D:\ -TargetPath C:\nano1\Nano1.wim omputerName Nano1 omaintiame Contoso.com Does this meet the goal? A. Yes B. NO Correct Answer: A

The Ultimate Guide To Decanting Wine

The Ultimate Guide To Decanting Wine

How to decant wine is a popular question and now there are thousands of resources around the web hoping to provide you with answers. Learning about wine can be fun, however after searching and searching I failed to find one resource that told me everything I needed to know in one easy to find place.

Decanting wine has many practical purposes, A young wine may need aeration or an older wine could have substantial sediment. More on this will be clearly shown below along with method and trivia, decanting will become an enjoyable and relaxing experience so that you will never think decanting your wine is a “bother and a waste of time” again. I hope that this article gives you the answers on why you should decant wine, when to decant wine and overall, learn about wine and how we can treat it better to get the most out of it.


Decanting Red Wine

Contents To The Ultimate Guide For Decanting Wine

Why Do You Decant Wine?

Preparation for Decanting Wine

Full Method on How to Decant Wine

How To Decant Wine Without A Decanter

Summary On Wine Decanting


 

Why Do You Decant Wine?

We decant wine for two main reasons, to remove sediment and to aerate the wine but there are also additional benefits. Why do we decant red wine is a finer question, as the full process of decanting only applies to red wine. People have different occasions for decanting wine, it could be an every day occurrence, for dinner parties or for a bigger occasion such as a wedding.

Remove Bottle Stink From A Wine Bottle

Many young wines develop a strong egg smell due to the sulphur preservatives; this is a minor fault when the wine yeast doesn’t get enough nutrients while fermenting. This smell can drastically ruin the taste of your wine or your experience overall, as the shape of a wine glass is designed to guide the notes directly to your nose. You should ensure to decant these wines to eradicate this smell. This smell can also be removed by stirring the wine with a Sterling Silver spoon.

Removing Sediment From Wine

A wine that has aged in the bottle, typically red as opposed to white will drop sediment. This thick substance is a combination of all the different particles of ingredients within the wine coming together and settling at the bottom of the bottle. This sediment is both ugly to have floating around in your glass and unpleasant in the mouth. It can form bits and cause staining to worsen. These aged red wines are those most deserving of decanting.

How To Remove Sediment From Wine Using Light

Aerating Wine

Aeration is the act of getting the air in contact with the wine and oxidising it so that the flavours can fully develop – however be warned, leaving your wine to aerate for too long can turn your wine into vinegar, and once it is dead you cannot bring it back.

You may want to aerate a young wine (10 years or less) if the taste is too strong or too tarty, aeration for up to 30 minutes will provide you with a much smoother and complex taste. The aeration time varies for all wines, and there is no solid rule that applies to all. However it is strongly advised to periodically taste the wine throughout the aeration process, and once you feel the wine is ready – drink it! The wine will continue to develop in the glass.

The wine decanter, also known as the carafe, is designed specifically to aid the aeration process. Traditionally they have wide bottoms with a large surface area which exposes more of the wine to the air to create a quicker result. If you are not intending on serving your wine immediately after decanting, you should ensure that your carafe has some kind of stopper so that no delicate flavours or aromas are lost. It is okay to swirl and shake your decanter as this gets more air into the wine.

When pouring from the bottle into the decanter however, it is advised to pour at a 45 degree angle against the opposite side the decanter neck, allowing it to follow the curves of the glass so it doesn’t froth the surface of the wine. Removing the cork but leaving the wine in the bottle also begins the process, but at a much slower rate and is potentially much riskier, as the air only makes contact with a very small surface area. By the time the air reaches the bottom of the bottle, the wine at the top could have become oxidised, or turned to vinegar.

Funny Wine

How To Tell If the Wine Is Ready

The one hard rule of wine decanting is that if it tastes right, drink it! A good wine will only deteriorate if left too long and you cannot bring it back. If you cannot taste much fruit, it is overly tannic or you are struggling to identify any aromas then the wine is “closed” and will need decanting. If the wine is ready it will be noticeably smoother and more pleasant. There should be the scent of fruit flavours and you will know it is ready because of your control wine, taken from the start of the decanting process to compare with.

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Preparation For Decanting Wine

What You Will Need For Decanting Wine

  • A good quality, clear wine carafe
  • Your wine of choice
  • Candle or flash light
  • Corkscrew
  • Sharp knife

What Does A Decanter Do?

A crystal decanter is a vessel to hold liquid in, particularly alcoholic drinks like whisky and wine. Each decanter is crafted to a specific design to specifically aid an individual liquid, so it is important that you get a decanter which suits your needs. In this article you will hear me use the terms decanter and carafe – a carafe, compared to a decanter, is a decorative vessel to hold the liquid in and is used for more than just wine such as water or soft drinks.

Storing Wine

The temperature wine is kept at is more important than most people think. Cold temperatures slow the rate of fermentation but extremely cold air can increase the acidity of red wines which are high in tannic acid. Warm air can cause the wine to mature too quickly and not keep long. Temperature changes also affect the wine, so do not store in an area where temperature fluctuates as this can accelerate ageing and reduce lifespan.

  • Avoid high places as heat rises.
  • Store in a cool, dark, unused place to reduce disturbances.
  • Store champagne in a refrigerator.
  • White wine, Rosé, Sparkling wine and dessert wine lose flavour when kept in a refrigerator for too long, but the tastes are enhanced when served chilled. The best method is to avoid storing them in the refrigerator, but to chill them in the refrigerator for only a few hours before serving.
  • Store wine horizontally, keeping the corks moist. This makes them swell and stops air and bacteria from entering the bottle.
  • Allow space between the storage of bottles as the vibrations promote a sour taste as dead yeast cells in the sediment are unable to settle.
  • Avoid sunshine or ultraviolet light as this will give wine a flat or musty flavour.
  • Humidity levels should be at a minimum of 74%, however anything over 95% will promote mould.

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Wine Storage Temperatures

  • White wine, Rosé and Sparkling wine are stored at cooler temperatures than red wines.
  • Wine stored in the ambient temperature of 20 to 21 degrees Celsius (68 to 70F) will keep for several months.
  • Red wine tastes better when served slightly below room temperature.
  • White wine tastes great from about 44 – 57 °F.
  • Sparkling wine do best at 38 °F – 45 °F
  • Warmer wine, typically above 70F will begin to smell more alcoholic because of the increased ethanol evaporation.

First you will need to take your bottle of wine from wherever it has been stored, preferably somewhere dark and cool where it is not frequently disturbed or moved. You will want to stand the bottle upright for at least a few hours to allow the sediment to settle at the bottom of the bottle.

Ensure your carafe is clean and free of all dust or anything that could affect the flavours or nose of your wine. You should never wash your carafe with detergent or soaps, instead use a mix of crushed ice and coarse salt to remove any residue wine and simply rinse with hot water. If you are not convinced by this method, you can give it a cycle in the dishwasher but without any detergent or soap powder. It is then advised that you rinse with mineral water to remove any odours it may have picked up. When opening the bottle, you want to remove the entire capsule around the neck with a sharp knife. Removing any metal or plastics will ensure you have no obstructions when watching for sediment whilst decanting.

It is traditional to cut the foil from the bottom lip because foils were previously made out of lead, this method reduces stray drips. Foil cutters, however, are designed to cut the top of the lip. Cutting the top lip is more visually appealing and ideal for moments where the wine is on display. Even when decanting it is advisable to present the bottle at the table for guests to refer to. When removing the cork, aim the corkscrew just off centre of the cork, this will make the radial diameter of the “worm” (the screw) centred, making it less likely to tear or break. The corkscrew should be inserted one turn less than all the way into the cork. Following this should ensure you do not break the cork.

Temperatures to serve wine

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If Decanting Champagne or Sparkling Wine

Many people decant champagne or sparkling wine to reduce the bubbles so that they can fully appreciate the taste. Removing the cork from the bottle often causes the cork to compress against the glass, create pressure and this makes the wine fizz up from the bottle, often losing a lot of the wine in the process. Instead there is a simple way to open the bottle to avoid this.

  • Remove the top covering of foil.
  • Twist the metal loop attached to the wire muzzle to the left.
  • Remove the Muzzle.
  • Hold the bottle firmly around the neck.
  • To prevent the cork from shooting out from pressure, hold it in place with your thumb.
  • Hold the bottle in one hand and with the other hand turn and loosen the cork.
  • Cover the bottle with a napkin to absorb any wine that may escape in this process.
  • A tilted bottle of sparkling wine moves pressure away from the cork and puts it against the side of the bottle. Hold the bottle at a 45-degree angle towards a clear area.
  • Push the cork upward with the thumb, and gently ease it from the bottle.
  • The cork should expel with a soft sigh, rather than a loud bang.

Red Vs White Wine

Should You Decant White Wine?

White wine contains less tannin than red and so does not last as long but many people decant white wine to reduce the bubbles, giving them a better experience of the wines flavours. A white wine’s delicate aromas and flavours can be ruined by being oxidised and as this occurs quite quickly, it is advised to keep aeration to a minimum. Since white wine drops very little if no sediment, there is little need to go through the process of separation. A sharp, tight white wine could benefit from some aeration of up to 30 mins; taste periodically to ensure you do not end up drinking vinegar. So yes, you can decant white wine with some caution and care, but check with your guests first as they may enjoy the bubbles!

Can You Decant Rosé?

In all my searches across the web I have never been able to find a solid answer to this question, but from numerous tests, trials and tribulations I can safely say do not decant Rosé. Rosé has a lively, fruity palette that is already celebrated for its pleasant taste, aerating it would only damage its already delicate composition. If you would like to present your Rosé in a carafe at the table however, you could pour the Rosé into the carafe just before serving after being chilled for several hours. There is no need to remove sediment and the simple act of transferring from bottle to carafe is enough aeration for this particular drink, be warned however, as once transferred to a carafe it is unlikely that the Rosé will keep overnight without being refrigerated. Many people believe Rosé to be a modern revolution and a combination of red wine and white wine but is notably one of the oldest known types of wine. Rosé wines can be made still, semi-sparkling or sparkling and with a wide range of sweetness levels from dry Provençal rosé to sweet White Zinfandels and blushes. Rosé wines are made from a wide variety of grapes and can be found all around the globe.

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Full Method For Decanting Wine

How to Decant wine The Beginners Guide

Removing the Sediment

  • Uncork your wine or remove stopper or lid.
  • Before you decant your wine, pour a small glass to taste the wine to assess the length of time it will need.
  • Pour slowly at a 45 degree angle from bottle into carafe, guiding the stream to hit against the opposite side of the carafe neck so that it gently flows over the glass curves, avoiding frothing the surface. Use the light source to locate the sediment and avoid pouring sediment into the carafe but do not heat the wine as you decant it as wine is sensitive to temperature.
  • Once you have tipped the wine bottle up enough that the sediment reaches the shoulder of the bottle, it is time to stop. However if you feel you could get more from the bottle you can always allow the wine to sit for a while so that the sediment settles once more and try again in a few hours. Unfortunately it is more than likely that this sediment will not separate from the wine. A popular choice is to use a coffee filter, though this can harm the wine and remove too much substance and upset the balance of the flavours.
  • The end result of your decanting process should be a carafe full of clear wine, with half a glass of the sediment laden wine left within the bottle. This remaining wine is a great cooking ingredient, so be sure not to waste it.

How to Wine Taste

Wine tasting at home is great; it can make you feel at ease and superior all at the same time – full of confidence! Wine carafes are a great thing to have around your home for storing your decanted wine as it oozes sophistication before you even start on the plonk. You can have your glass wine decanters, silver wine goblets and crystal red wine glasses all on presentation together for the full effect when hosting your own wine tasting parties at home. The following simple steps will teach you how to taste wine properly, and once you know how to wine taste you will be able to fully appreciate the effects of decanting. Why decant red wine, or why do you decant wine of any kind will become apparent to you. Be sure to pass your wine tasting tips onto your friends too – but not in a pretentious kind of way! A wine tasting party at home may sound like a great idea at first, but be sure to know how long to decant wine for before hosting a home wine tasting party as this could be disastrous if you don’t really know what you are talking about. Study before hand and always practice, doing is always the best way on how to learn about wine. Take a small taste of the wine to check the starting flavours and asses how long it will need to aerate, see below our list of pointers on how to detect the different flavours and properties of your wine:

  • Pour into the proper wine glass for the type of wine you will be decanting.
  • Look – hold the glass up against a white background to evaluate its colour and clarity. Red wine fades with age, white wines darken with age. Wine that is discoloured or cloudy may be bad or off. If the wine is brown it may have been exposed to too much heat at one point.
  • Swirl – Swirling the wine will allow it to oxidise just enough to release its aroma.
  • Smell – Put your nose in the glass and take a deep breath. Older wines should have subtler scents than younger ones; note that delicate fruity aromas will dissipate quickly with decanting than full bodied wines. Investigate the smell of any wet cardboard or mustiness, this tells you that the wine is “corked”, meaning the cork has been tainted. If your wine smells decayed then it could be from the grapes yeast getting into the wine.
  • Taste – Fill your mouth ½ full and swish the wine. This should release its aroma and coat your mouth and will give you a final judgement on whether the wine needs decanting for a longer or shorter period of time. If the wine tastes dull or cooked it may have oxidised, making it taste and smell like vinegar and turn discoloured.

Aerating Your Wine

  • Swirl the wine within the carafe and then leave for approximately 30 minutes, checking back periodically to taste and assess the development stage.
  • When it tastes right to you – serve and enjoy! Remember, if you leave a wine to decant for too long, you can never bring it back and you will get a harsh vinegar taste. The length of time to aerate varies for each wine, so coming back to taste every so often is an important step. It is always better to get the wine close to perfect and then continue developing in your glass while serving.

Wine Serving Etiquette

Ensure you have the appropriate stemware for your chosen wine, quality crystal wine glasses are ideal. Good, all purpose stemware should have these four important characteristics:

  • A clear bowl, so that you can observe the wines colour and condition
  • A long stem, so that the warmth of your fingers does not heat the wine.
  • A thin rim, to make sipping easy and dribble free.
  • A wide capacity, so that you have the room to safely swirl the wine.

Know Your Wine Stemware

Red wine glasses have a larger bowl so that it can fit in your palm and gently be warmed by your hand. Red wine should be filled to 4 ounces in the glass, or a half glass full. These glasses can commonly be found in a wine gift set, or more specifically a red wine glass set. When decanting red wine, the red wine in your glass should appear clear with no sediment. White wine glasses have a longer stem and a more slender bowl than red wine glasses to keep the heat from your fingers away from the wine, keeping it as cool as possible for longer. The slender bowl helps to maintain the wines liveliness. You should fill your glass with 3 ounces per glass or one third full. White wine glasses are a great gift for special occasions so can normally be found as wine glass sets. Champagne and sparkling wines are served in flutes which are a much narrower shape to preserve the bubbles and directs them up the glass. The glass should be filled three quarters full, or 4 ounces. These fine crystal wine glasses also come in a wine glasses set or a flutes set. Some people use a glass wine decanter for champagne and other bubbly wines, to reduce the fizz so they can get more out of the flavour; you should experiment with using different types of crystal wine glass when removing the bubbles to experience the best of the wines aromas and flavours. It is best to present the empty wine bottle at the table with your decanter as guests will often like to refer back to the bottle.

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Leftover Wine

It is advised to re-cork the bottle or seal the decanter in some way and putting it in the refrigerator. This will slow down the ageing process that spoils the wine both for red and white wines. Add marbles to an open bottle or decanter that is only half full until the wine is brought to the top to get rid of air reseal and refrigerate. White wine is the least durable to keep after being opened; red wines that are high in tannins however are considerably more durable.


 

How To Decant Wine Without A Decanter

Sometimes you won’t have all the equipment you need to decant wine, so there are some ways to get a similar effect. Hopefully some of the below ideas will show you how to decant wine without a decanter.

Double Decanting With Wine

  • Decant as normal from the wine bottle to the carafe.
  • Wash the bottle with clean water to remove all traces of residue wine and sediment.
  • Pour the wine back into the wine bottle with the same decanting method and re-cork.
  • The double decanting method adds more air to the wine because it is exposed to the air twice, enabling a faster development time.

Blender Decanting With Wine

  • Pour the wine into the blender the same way you would with a decanter to reduce the sediment.
  • When you are ready to serve, blend the wine on the highest power for 30 to 60 seconds.
  • Allow the froth to subside then serve. You could pour the wine into a decanter to present at the table for appearance purposes.
  • Hyper-decanting (wine in a blender) has been shown to greatly improve the aromas and flavours on bold red wines as well as affordable wines.
  • Myhrvold’s Theory (below) began the “Hyper Decanting” trend and Wine Searcher goes into greater depths with this insightful interview.
“Wine lovers have known for centuries that
decanting wine before serving it often
improves its flavor. Whatever the dominant
process, the traditional decanter is a rather
pathetic tool to accomplish it. A few years
ago, I found I could get much better results
by using an ordinary kitchen blender.”
Nathan Myhrvold

Use an Aerator On Wine

  • A wine aerator is a small glass tool fitted to the end of a wine bottle or the top of your wine glass to filter air through the wine.
  • Push a fitted aerator deep into the neck of the wine bottle securely so it will not fall out when pouring.
  • Simply pour the wine as though you were pouring directly into a glass, allowing the wine to filter through the aerator. These are exceptionally simple devices that are self-explanatory no matter what design you end up with.
  • Allow the wine to sit in the glass for as long as possible. It is because of this last step that makes decanting before the meal more appropriate than making your guests wait before they can enjoy their already poured glass of wine.
  • Wine aerators are faster than decanters but are not advisable for aged wines or removing sediment.

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Summary On Decanting Wine

My personal preference is to open, decant and serve the wine within an hour, as I find that older wines tend to fade much quicker than younger wines. However wine is all about personal preferences, and with no solid rules it is hard to give a solid answer on how long to decant your wine for. Sometimes you may not be able to find out if your wine was aged in oak and needed to be decanted for that reason, or you may be inexperienced at wine tasting and don’t know how to fully take advantage of the processes. It is known though that strong flavoured wine like Bordeaux Blends, Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec and Rhône wines will endure decanting well, whereas delicate aromatic wines such as Rosé and sweet whites will not. My suggested period of decanting for wines less than fifteen years old should be approximately 30mins. If your wine is 15-30 years old, gentle and careful decanting of half to a full hour is usually more than enough as they have already aged. For even older wines, you should decant just before serving.

To finish off this blog post, enjoy this brilliant video by The Professional Culinary Institute with Master Sommelier David  Glancy, as he decants a mature red wine:

All content from this article has been originally produced by Kate Robinson and is her property. Original blog post can be found at Silver Groves.